Wednesday 5 September 2012

Thomas Tyldesley—robbed of a Purse of Gold...

Sir John Trenchard was appointed Secretary of State in 1692 and took a leading role in a attempting to prove the existence of a Jacobite plot in Lancashire and Cheshire. Dependent on the use of informers such as John Lunt, the methods employed—and the use of foreign troops—caused much ill will as Smollett recorded:
Blank warrants were issued, and filled up occasionally with such names as the informers suggested.  These were delivered to Aaron Smith, solicitor to the treasury, who, with messengers, accompanied Lunt and his associates to Lancashire, under the protection of a party of Dutch horse guards, commanded by one Captain Baker. They were empowered to break open houses, seize papers, and apprehend persons, according to their pleasure; and they committed many acts of violence and oppressions [FN1].
In 1694 Robert Ferguson, a curious character described by his biographer as a man who "spends two-thirds of his life as a Whig and a Nonconformist, and dies a High Churchman and a Jacobite" [FN2], published an influential pamphlet entitled: A Letter to Mr Secretary Trenchard Discovering a Conspiracy Against the Laws and Ancient Constitution of England: with Reflections on the Present Pretended Plot. In this he recorded one of the accusations made against the Dutch horse guards—that they stole a purse of gold when searching the house of Mr Tyldesley. This was presumably Col. Thomas Tyldesley 1657-1715, the Diarist: 
...under the Pretence of feizing treafonable Papers, his Officers made no Difficulty to feize and carry off the Title-Deeds of Mens Eftates; their Books of Accounts, and Letters concerning their private Affairs: That they did this without numbering or marking the Papers they feiz'd, or fuffering the Prifoners to do it; in confequence of which unfair Proceeding, they had jt in their Power to create the Crime they pretended to punifh, by intermixing Papers of a dangerous Tendency, and making their Prifoners anfwerable for them: And that they often plunder'd them of what they found in their Cuftody, as was the Cafe of Mr. Tildefly, one of the Lancafhire Gentlemen, who was robb'd of a Purfe of Gold by Captain Baker and his Dutch Co-adjutors; who on this Occafion are farcaftically call'd, The Confervators of Britifh Liberty. As if it Was criminal for Perfons, reputed Jacobites, to have Money, Arms, or Papers [FN3].
As seen in an earlier posting, the investigation led to a farcical trial at Manchester in 1694, in which all the defendants were acquitted. No charges were brought against Thomas Tyldesley.

Sir John Trenchard died the following year on 27 April 1695.

1. The history of England from the revolution in 1688, Tobias Smollett, 1825
2. Robert Ferguson "The Plotter", James Ferguson, 2008
3. History of England during the Reigns of King William, Queen Anne and King George the First, James Ralph, 1746